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Jaipur and Karoli
 


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Sri Govindaji Deity was originally installed 5000 years ago by great Krishna's grandson in Vrindavana and it is one of the four main Deities of Vraja-mandala. Others are Keshavadeva (on Janmasthana), Harideva (on Govardhan) and Dauji (Deity of Balarama). Govindaji was worshiped by Srila Rupa Goswami in Radha-Govinda Temple.

three times bigger image in new window ...Before that the Deity was for a long time lost. One day Rupa Goswami had a dream and Govindaji Deity appeared to him and told him where it is buried. Rupa Goswami discovered the Deity and personally took care about the worship...
three times bigger image in new window ...Maharaja Jai Singh II. took the Deity from Vrindavana to Amber near Jaipur to protect it from Muslim king Aurangzeb, who used to destroy the Hindu temples and break the Deities. The Deity was moved to Jaipur in 1728 (or in 1735 according to the other sources). Maharaja Jai Singh dedicated his Jaipur or "the town of victory" to Govindaji.
three times bigger image in new window Sri Sri Radha-Govindaji. On the altar there are life size Deities (Radha's Deity is also black). The smaller Deity of Gaura-Govinda was worshipped by Kasishvar Pandit. Deities are dressed 3 times a day and Srila Prabhupada considered local Deity-worship standard to be a good example for others to follow.
three times bigger image in new window Every day before 5 a.m. in the morning almost 5000 people is coming to see their beloved Deity on mangala-arati.
three times bigger image in new window Every month the times for the aratis change, therefore it is important to ask what time arati is.
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The devotees enthusiastically chant prayers in praise of Lord Govinda.

three times bigger image in new window The translation to the mantra that is chanted in front of Govindaji is: "We hunger for the sight of your face, and we wish to fix you constantly in our thoughts while meditating on your lotus face. This life is full of responsibilities and now we are in the middle of the ocean; please give us your blessing so that we can relieve ourselves of life's burdens and understand the meaning of life."
three times bigger image in new window Chanting continues during arati...
three times bigger image in new window ...and than people start to circumambulate Deities and the whole altar.
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Devotional atmosphere in this temple is one of the heights of visit in Jaipur.

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Where the temple is everybody will tell you...

The temple is situated inside the palace complex. When the doors of the altar were open, Maharaja could see the Deity from his private rooms.

three times bigger image in new window There is a local custom that after the arati devotees usually buy a maha-prasad from priests and distribute it to other devotees.
three times bigger image in new window One of the entrances early in the morning.
three times bigger image in new window One can take rickshaw to get there.
three times bigger image in new window Sri Sri Radha Gopinath Temple
It is said that Vajranabha, Krishna's great-grandson, had three Deities of Krishna carved. He never saw Krishna, so the Deities were carved according to the description given by Uttara, the mother of Maharaja Parikshit. He had three different images carved, but none of them were perfect...
three times bigger image in new window ...Govindaji resembled Krishna's face (Mukharavinda), Madana-Mohan resembled Krishna from the navel down to the lotus feet, and Gopinatha resembled Krishna from the navel to the neck...
three times bigger image in new window In one book about the temples of Vrindavan, the Padma Purana is quoted saying that to get the full vision of Sri Krishna, pilgrims have to visit and offer obeisances to all three Deities during a single day, while the sun is still up. Sri Govinda and Sri Gopinatha are now in Jaipur, and Madana-Mohan is in Karoli, a small town in Rajasthan 182 km from Jaipur.
three times bigger image in new window Gopinath was worshiped by Madhu Pandit Goswami and discovered at Vamsivata in Vrindavan by Paramananda Bhattacarya, the disciple of Gadadhar Pandit. Vajranabha originally installed Gopinatha in Vrindavan.
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Gopinath is "Lord of the Gopis" and His hands playing flute are enchanting not only for the gopis but for ordinary devotees as well.

three times bigger image in new window This temple has beautiful carved silver doors.
three times bigger image in new window A unique embroidered tulasi-bead jacket and tulasi japa beads, both of which belonged to Madhu Pandit, are displayed in the courtyard.
three times bigger image in new window Temple room in daylight....
three times bigger image in new window ...and at night.
three times bigger image in new window As in many temples one can get delicious prasadam after arati - usually laddus and sweets.
three times bigger image in new window There are beautiful paintings on the walls.
three times bigger image in new window On the ceiling there are paintings of the rasa-lila.
three times bigger image in new window The temple is located in the Topkhanadesh area of Jaipur by Chandpol Bazaar. If you are on Tripoliya Bazaar Road, you go west until you get to Gangori Bazaar Road. Tripoliya Bazaar Rd is the main road, right next to the inner wall. You make a right and go down a few streets and then you make a left and go about a half-km down the road. The temple is on the left.
three times bigger image in new window But still it easy to pass by without noticing it. It is better to have a good guide.
three times bigger image in new window Radha Damodar Temple
Coming from Tripoliya Bazaar Rd, the temple is located about 60m (200 ft) down Chaura Rasta Rd on the right side. It is about a ten-minute walk to here from the Radha-Govinda temple.
three times bigger image in new window You will climb few steps, enter the gate with the sign "Temple of Sri Radha Damodar Ji"...
three times bigger image in new window ... and there you are in another world.
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There are also nice decorations on the walls.

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There are two sets of Deities on the main altar.
three times bigger image in new window The smaller set of Deities is Jiva Goswami's original Radha Damodar Deities from Vrindavan. To the left of the Deities is a Govardhan-shila said to have been worshiped by Sanatana Goswami.
three times bigger image in new window Original Radha Damodar Deities.
three times bigger image in new window On an altar, left of the main one, there are Deities of Lakshmi Narasimha and Prahlada Maharaja. You have to look closely to see Prahlada Maharaja.
three times bigger image in new window Vinodilal Temple
This is a small temple up some stairs on Tripoliya Bazaar Road. Vinodilal was installed by Lokanath Goswami. He was the first devotee sent to Vrindavan by Sri Chaitanya. He has one famous disciple, Narottama dasa Thakur, who was a great poet and who composed many beautiful Vaishnava songs in praise of the Lord.
three times bigger image in new window Vinodilal is a beautiful Deity about 30 cm (12 inches) tall. It is a very difficult temple to find, as few people come here. From the Radha Damodar Temple you walk to Tripoliya Bazaar Road and make a left. Walk 50 big steps and you will find a flight of stairs to your left. To the right of the stairs is a hose shop, which is shop number 295. If you look at the building, it will not look like a temple. The temple is situated one flight up.
three times bigger image in new window Jaipur was built by and named after Maharaja Jai Singh II (1699-1744). In 1727, Jai Singh decided to move down from the fortified stronghold of Amber to build a city on the plains below. Before the city of Jaipur was built, the kingdom was known as the Amber kingdom. The city was built according to the Shilpa Sastra, an ancient Hindu composition on architecture. The city was laid out with six blocks surrounded by a city wall. The city streets are wide.
three times bigger image in new window When one enters this city, one is charmed by the old-world, picturesque atmosphere.
three times bigger image in new window Many of the buildings within the walled city are painted pink. Hence the city is known as the "Pink City."
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Jaipur City Palace and Museum
Jai Singh built this palace located in the middle of the old Pink City between 1729-32. It is huge, but much of the palace cannot be visited because it is used as the home of the current Maharaja, Sawai Bhawani Singh.

three times bigger image in new window Big exposition of arms inside the fort documents the military strength of local Rajas (kings). The sword of Maharaja Man Singh, the 17th century king of Jaipur, weighs about 5 kg (11 lb). The palace was opened to tourists in the 1950s. Over 400 films have been shot here.
three times bigger image in new window There are two large, 1.5m high Gangajalis, silver containers that were made to hold a large amount of Ganges waters so that the Maharaja of Jaipur could take it on a trip to England. Each container weights 345kg and holds 9,000 liters of water. A sign says that the Guinness Book of Records claims they are the biggest pieces of silver in the world.
three times bigger image in new window The palace has seen many important visitors, including Queen Elizabeth II, Jawaharlal Nehru, the King of Nepal, Jacqueline Kennedy, and the Shah of Iran. It is an interesting place that takes an hour or two to see. The Radha-Govinda Temple is next to the palace.
three times bigger image in new window Jantar Mantar
Across from the City Palace is a large observatory built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1728. It is the largest stone observatory in the world.
three times bigger image in new window Jai Singh also built observatories in Delhi, Varanasi, and Ujjain.
three times bigger image in new window There are eighteen gigantic instruments in the observatory.
three times bigger image in new window Each instrument is used to make intricate astronomical calculations. Without a guide (Rs 50) you will have no idea what most of them are.
three times bigger image in new window One of the most interesting instruments is the sundial (Samrat Yantra), which has a gnomon (slanted centerpiece) 27m (90 ft) high. The time is accurate within two minutes.
three times bigger image in new window Before building this observatory, Jai Singh sent scholars around the world to study the observatories in other countries.
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three times bigger image in new window Hawa Mahal (Palace of the Wind)
This five-storey pink, sandstone building, built about 1799, is a major tourist site. It has hundreds of screened windows and small balconies. It was built by Raja Sawai Pratap Singh to allow the royal ladies to overlook the city, as they were usually confined to the zenana quarters.
three times bigger image in new window This mahal enabled them to climb to the top and get a good view of the city. It is also said that the Maharaja had the Hawa Mahal built so he could have a nice place to write devotional songs about Govindaji (Krishna). There is an interesting view from the top floor, and the place is interesting to walk around.
three times bigger image in new window The city was laid out with six blocks surrounded by a city wall.
three times bigger image in new window Streets...
three times bigger image in new window ...and temples of "pink city".
three times bigger image in new window Since Jaipur is city sought after by tourists, it is one of the most expensive ones in all India.
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For the people from Central Europe Ganesha's Temple on the top of the hill above the city may create strange associations in the mind. We started to call it "Hitler's headquarters”, but of course, we shouldn't forget that swastika is traditional Vedic symbol and Hitler just borrowed it and modified it for his own purposes.

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Lake near the city.

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Nahargarh Fort (Tiger Fort) was built in 1734. The fort overlooks the city of Jaipur and is floodlit at night. You can wander around the fort and get lost in time. There is an outstanding view of the valleys below. You get to the fort by taking a winding 8 km road from Jaipur. It is a difficult 2 km walk up from the northwest part of the city.

three times bigger image in new window One can see monkeys there...
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....but not like in Vrindavan, local monkeys are more friendly...

three times bigger image in new window ...They are called "Hanumans" and they have really funny movements.
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Jaigarh fort (Amber) was built in 11. century. Amber, or Amer, was formerly the capital of the Rajput Kachhwaha dynasty before it was moved to the city of Jaipur. The Kachhwaha dynasty ruled this area from the 12th to the 18th centuries. Jai Singh decided to move down from the fortified stronghold of Amber to build a city on the plains below.

three times bigger image in new window King's residence in eastern part of the forth.
three times bigger image in new window The sight of Maharaja's palace from the fort...
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...where Amber palace and Amber city lies.

three times bigger image in new window ...lake bellow the fort, next to palace.
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three times bigger image in new window The walls resemble the Great Chinese one.
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While walking on huge Amber Fort and looking on the walls on the hills on opposite sides one starts to realize why Muslims never defeated Rajput kings and Jaipur city.

three times bigger image in new window And the kings were supposedly ruling their subjects rightly and therefore their armies were determined and chivalrous while fighting for their king.
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In the fort there is big exhibition of arms. It is because of great military strength of Rajas, that many of the Vrindavana's Deities were protected from Muslim invaders. There is a large collection of old weapons here dating from 1580 onwards. There are daggers whose handles contain secret chambers, and gunpowder holders made from seashells.

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The huge, fifty-ton Jai Ban cannon is said to be the largest cannon on wheels in the world.

three times bigger image in new window It has a range of 20 km It is said that the cannon required 100 kilos of gunpowder to fire one shot. It was never used in battle.
three times bigger image in new window The cannon which can shoot six bullets at once resembles machine gun.
three times bigger image in new window Quite big drum in Rajas palace...
three times bigger image in new window The Amber Fort is 11 km northeast of the city going towards Delhi.
three times bigger image in new window White structure in the middle is huge water tank that served as emergency water source.
three times bigger image in new window There are different rooms and half open halls, which were used by the king as audience halls or his private rooms.
three times bigger image in new window Inside the complex are two temples - Ram-Harihar (10-th century) and Kal-Bhairava (12-th century).
three times bigger image in new window The lake and walls help the protection of the city.
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To climb up takes about one hour, but it is possible to take a jeep...

three times bigger image in new window ...or more stylish way of transportation.
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Jaipur city from the Western part of the Amber Fort.

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Karoli (Karauli)
Karoli is about 182 km southeast of Jaipur and about 100 km southwest of Mathura. It is a small town and is home to the important Madanmohan Temple.

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Madanmohan Temple
Madanmohan means “one who can even enchant Cupid.” The Deity of Madanmohan (formerly Madan-Gopal) was made for Krishna's great grandson Vajranabha and for many years it was lost...

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...Advaita-acarya found the Deity near Dvadasatiya Hill in Vrindavan and before His departure for Navadvip He entrusted the Deity to brahmana Chaubhe in Mathura. Years later Caitanya Mahaprabhu sent Sanatana Goswami to Vrindavan to discover lost places of Krishna's pastimes and write books about devotional service...

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...Sanatan used to beg in nearby Mathura and one day came to doors of the brahman Chaubha. He saw brahmana's children playing with the Deity as if Madanmohan was one of them. Horrified Sanatan chastised Chaubha and taught him proper ways of Deity worship. Both Sanatan and brahman had a dream that night. Madanmohan appeared to Sanatan and told him, that he liked to be treated as one of the brahmana's children and since Sanatan introduced so many rules, He don't like it any more...

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...To Chaubha Madanmohan said that he is like one of his children. He told him that he had many children and he should give Him to Sanatan. Next morning both devotees wanted to apologize, but at the end Madanmohan went with Sanatan. But not before He promised to Sanatan that He would be satisfied with whatever he will be able to offer. Sanatan, being traveling mendicant could not give much luxury to his Deities...

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...And after some time wealthy businessman build a temple for Madanmohan that became one of the symbols of Vrindavan.

Entrance to Madanmohan Temple in Karoli (above from outside and on the left from inside).

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...Maharaja Jai Singh brought Madanmohan to Jaipur from Vrindavan. His brother-in-law, Maharaja Gopal Singh, had a dream in which Madanmohan said “Take Me to Karoli.” He then told Maharaja Jai Singh about the dream and asked permission to bring Madanmohan to Karoli. Maharaja Jai Singh told him if he could distinguish Madanmohan from Govinda and Gopinatha, the two other main Deities of Jaipur, while blindfolded, then he could take the Deity. When Gopal Singh was blindfolded, he directly approached Madanmohan and touched his feet.

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In the temple, there are three altars. Madanmohan stands on the center altar, with Sri Radha on his left and Lalita Devi on his right. On the left altar is Gopalaji Krishna with Radha and Lalita. The king of Karoli worshiped these Deities 100 years before Madanmohan came to Karoli. The Deity receives a midday offering consisting of fifty-six dishes. Most of the preparations are sweet—malpura, sweet samosas, and other items.

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To our surprise we paid for prasad in one place, got a ticket and received prasadam in another one. The man who gave away prasad didn't touch the money, thus keeping nice hygienic standard.

It is strictly prohibited to take pictures in the temple room and if one is not careful one's camera may get destroyed... ....but we were careful enough... :-)

three times bigger image in new window Countryside in Rajasthan is more like desert or semi-desert. The climate is more hot and dry than in other parts of India.
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Along the roads one can see shops with different parts of houses and gardens made from red stone from local mines. This stone can keep cool during hot summer and accumulate warmth during winter. The produce of local stonemasons can be found on many buildings all around India.

 

English texts, selection of images, design:
Tattva-darsi das
Most of the texts are based on the information from Jada Bharata's book Holy Places of India,
which contains many additional information useful for travelers. It can be found on:
www.spiritualguides.net

Photographs from their travels:
Radha-raman das, Tattva-darsi das, Aisvarya Kumar and bhakta Zbynek

 


Published:
Novebmer 2003
 
How did you like this article?
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How many readers expressed it: 169



Anup
2017-09-18
Such a complete information, thank you.


Satyam pal jadaun manoharpura
2017-06-25

Hare krishna, thanq 4 ur kind information


Lilamayi Rukmini Devi dasi
2016-11-25
Hare Krishna. Thank you very much for all the information on the temples in Jaipur and karauli. It was very helpful. We had very nice Darshan and it was great to know the history of each deity.


Jagdish Upadhyaya
2016-05-28

Very informative. Excellent effort. God bless you.


Lajjavati dd
2015-10-30
Such a wonderful site. May the Lord bless you with many more visits to His Holy Dhams.


bjay Krishna mandal
2015-10-28

HARE KRISHNA


dr.mahendra sharma
2015-08-24

hare krishna


Archana
2015-06-06

This website was very helpful in gathering information about vaishnava temples in and around Jaipur. Thanks. Haribol!


Bikash Naskar
2014-08-24

Radhey Radhey


suresh yadav
2014-06-26

Jaipur the pink city is also a perpetual attraction to tourists from different parts of the countries for being the abode of a large number of historical palaces and temples. Mostly the people of Jaipur, are devout of Hanuman and lord Ganesha. There are also ardent worshippers of Lord Shiva and Shri Krishna. As a result festivals like holi, navaratri, diwali are feted with devotion and grandeur. Before you embark on your expedition to land of camel safari and history we have tried to make a list of most visited tourist attractions for you: http://www.jaipur-sightseeing.com/Govind_dev_ji_temple.htm

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